Making cities and settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.More on SDG 11
Urbanization is one of the most significant developments in the 21st century. More than half of the world’s population lives in cities, with an expected increase to up to 70% by 2050. Cities are key drivers of local and national economies and hubs of prosperity. More than 80% of global economic activity is concentrated in cities. At the same time, urbanisation brings with it major challenges. Cities have an enormous ecological footprint. Although they occupy only three percent of the world’s surface, they consume three quarters of global resources and are responsible for 75 percent of global emissions.
Objective 11 aims to reduce the per capita environmental impact of cities, in particular with regard to air quality and waste management. Urban development should be made more inclusive and sustainable, including through participatory, integrated and sustainable settlement planning. It also aims to ensure universal access to safe and inclusive green spaces and public spaces, especially for women and children, older people and people with disabilities. Access to safe and affordable housing and transport systems should also be ensured.